Spotting the Queen Bee: A Guide to Identification

Welcome, fellow bee enthusiasts! If you’ve found your way to this article, it’s likely you’re interested in understanding the fascinating world of bees – in particular, the queen bee. The queen bee plays a critical role in the hive. She is the mother of all other bees in the colony, laying all the eggs that will become the next generation of workers and drones. Therefore, being able to identify the queen bee is an essential skill for beekeepers.

Physical Differences Between Queen Bees, Worker Bees, and Drones

Identifying the queen bee involves looking for key physical differences between her and the other members of the colony – the worker bees and drones.

So, what sets the queen apart? First and foremost, she’s generally larger than both the worker bees and the drones. Her body is long and elongated, designed for egg-laying, while worker bees have shorter, more rounded bodies. Drones, the male bees, are robust and have bigger eyes, but they lack the length of the queen.

The queen’s wings are shorter in proportion to her body than the workers’ or drones’. Her wings only reach about halfway down her body, unlike worker bees, whose wings cover most of their body.

Finally, the queen bee often moves differently from other bees. She might be surrounded by a circle of attendants, who take care of her needs, and she often walks in a more deliberate manner. Understanding these physical and behavioral differences can help you spot the queen in your hive.

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Spotting the Queen Bee: Tips and Tricks

Now that you know the physical differences to look for, let’s go through some tips and tricks to spot the queen bee. Remember, patience is key when looking for the queen. She’s often surrounded by other bees and might be on the move.

  1. Look at the center of the activity. The queen is usually found in the middle of the hive, where most bees are actively working.
  2. Pay attention to the movement of bees. Worker bees tend to move aside for the queen, creating a kind of moving halo around her.
  3. Check the brood cells. These are the cells where the queen lays eggs. If you see eggs, the queen is likely to be nearby.

Using a Queen Marker for Easier Identification

If you’re a beekeeper and you’re still finding it difficult to spot the queen, consider using a queen marker. This is a small, non-toxic paint marker that you can use to put a tiny dot on the queen’s thorax (her back).

The color of the dot also can help you keep track of the queen’s age, as beekeepers use a standard color code based on the year the queen was introduced to the colony. For example, queens introduced in years ending in 1 or 6 are marked with white, those in years ending in 2 or 7 with yellow, and so on.

Marking the queen doesn’t harm her, but it does require careful handling to avoid injury. The marked queen will be much easier to spot among the thousands of bees in your hive. This can be especially helpful during hive inspections, to quickly confirm that the queen is alive and well.

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What If You Can’t Find the Queen Bee?

Despite your best efforts, there may be times when you can’t spot the queen bee. But don’t panic! This doesn’t necessarily mean she’s not there. Remember, the hive is a bustling place, and the queen might just be tucked away out of sight.

Here’s a trick: Instead of looking for the queen herself, look for signs of her presence. Check for eggs or young larvae in the hive cells – this is a good sign the queen has been there recently. Regularly seeing new eggs means your queen is still in the hive and doing her job.

If you consistently don’t see new eggs or larvae over several inspections, then there may be a problem. You might be dealing with a queenless hive, or your queen could be failing. In such cases, you may need to consider introducing a new queen to the hive.


How many queen bees are in a hive?

There is typically only one queen bee in a hive.

What happens if the queen bee dies?

If the queen bee dies, the worker bees will create a new queen by selecting a young larva and feeding it royal jelly to develop into a new queen.

Can a worker bee become a queen bee?

In certain circumstances, a worker bee can develop into a queen bee by being fed royal jelly and undergoing a process known as “emergency queen rearing.”


Identifying the queen bee in a bustling hive can be a challenge, but with patience, keen observation skills, and the helpful tips provided in this guide, you’re well on your way to becoming a pro at spotting her majesty. Remember, understanding the hive’s dynamics and the role of the queen is essential in ensuring a thriving bee colony.

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