How to Make Sugar Syrup for Bees: A Sweet Treat

Bees are incredible pollinators that play a vital role in our ecosystem. To support their nutrition and well-being, beekeepers sometimes provide sugar syrup as a supplemental food source. In this article, we will explore the importance of making sugar syrup for bees and provide a simple guide on how to prepare it, ensuring our buzzing friends have a sweet treat to keep them thriving.

Why Make Sugar Syrup for Bees

Bees need a reliable source of carbohydrates to fuel their busy lives. While they primarily gather nectar from flowers, there are times when natural nectar sources may be scarce. That’s where sugar syrup comes in. It serves as a backup plan during nectar dearth, such as in winter or during dry spells, ensuring bees have the energy they need to survive and thrive.

Simple Sugar Syrup Recipe

Making sugar syrup for bees is easy. Here’s a simple recipe to get you started:


  • White granulated sugar
  • Water


  1. In a pot, bring water to a gentle boil.
  2. Gradually add sugar to the boiling water while stirring continuously. Use a ratio of 1:1 (equal parts sugar and water) for stimulating brood rearing or 2:1 (two parts sugar and one part water) for winter feeding or building up weak colonies.
  3. Continue stirring until all the sugar is fully dissolved in the water.
  4. Remove the pot from heat and let the sugar syrup cool completely before feeding it to the bees.
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By following this simple recipe, you can provide bees with a delicious and nourishing sugar syrup that will supplement their natural food sources when needed.

Stay tuned for the next sections as we guide you through the steps of making sugar syrup, feeding it to bees, and ensuring the health and vitality of our buzzing friends. Together, we can support the well-being of these incredible pollinators.

Steps to Make Sugar Syrup

Now that we understand the importance of sugar syrup for bees, let’s go through the simple steps to make it:

  1. Bring water to a gentle boil in a pot or kettle.
  2. Gradually add the desired amount of sugar to the boiling water while stirring continuously. Remember the 1:1 or 2:1 sugar-to-water ratio, depending on your purpose.
  3. Keep stirring until all the sugar is completely dissolved in the water.
  4. Remove the pot from heat and let the sugar syrup cool down to room temperature. It’s important not to feed hot syrup to the bees as it can harm them.

Feeding Sugar Syrup to Bees

Feeding sugar syrup to bees is a straightforward process. Here are a few common methods:

  1. Feeder: Place a specially designed feeder filled with sugar syrup near the beehive. Bees will access the syrup through small openings in the feeder.
  2. Inverted Jars: Fill clean, empty jars with sugar syrup and invert them over the hive. Create small holes in the jar lids to allow bees to access the syrup.

Remember to place the sugar syrup feeders close to the hive for easy access by the bees.

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Timing and Frequency of Sugar Syrup Feeding

It’s important to provide sugar syrup to bees only when natural nectar sources are limited. Here are some guidelines:

  1. Nectar Dearth: Feed sugar syrup when there is a scarcity of natural nectar, such as in early spring when flowers are scarce or during periods of drought.
  2. Winter Feeding: If your bees have insufficient honey stores for winter, feed them a 2:1 sugar syrup in late fall to help them build up their reserves.

The timing and frequency of feeding depend on the specific needs of your bees and the local conditions. Consult with experienced beekeepers or local resources for the best recommendations.


  1. Is it necessary to make sugar syrup for bees? Providing sugar syrup to bees is not always necessary. It is primarily used as a supplemental food source during times of nectar scarcity or when bees need additional energy. Bees primarily rely on natural nectar and pollen sources for their nutrition.
  2. Can I use any type of sugar to make the syrup? White granulated sugar is commonly used to make sugar syrup for bees. It dissolves easily and provides the necessary carbohydrates. Avoid using alternative sweeteners or sugar substitutes, as they may not be suitable for bee consumption.
  3. How much sugar syrup should I feed my bees? The amount of sugar syrup to feed bees depends on factors such as the size and strength of the colony, time of year, and availability of natural food sources. Consult with experienced beekeepers or local resources to determine the appropriate amount for your specific situation.
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By making sugar syrup for bees, we can provide them with a much-needed source of carbohydrates when natural nectar is scarce. With simple steps, including boiling water, dissolving sugar, and cooling the syrup, you can create a nourishing treat for these incredible pollinators.

Feeding sugar syrup to bees can be done through feeders or inverted jars placed near the hive. Remember to offer syrup when it’s necessary, such as during nectar dearth or when bees are low on food reserves.

Let’s support the well-being of our buzzing friends by offering them the sweetness they need to thrive. Together, we can ensure that bees have the energy they require to continue their vital role as pollinators in our ecosystem.

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