What Kind of Bees Make Milk? Uncovering the Facts

Imagine this – you’re a little bee buzzing around in a bustling hive, a city of thousands of other bees. Each of you has a specific job that keeps the hive functioning smoothly. Some bees are busy making honey, others are out foraging for nectar and pollen. But here’s something that might surprise you. Some bees, instead of making honey, are busy making…milk! That’s right, there’s such a thing as bee milk. But before we dive into that, let’s first get to know these fascinating creatures a little better.

Understanding Bee Behavior and Society

Bees are quite remarkable insects. They live in highly organized societies where every bee has a role to play. A bee hive is typically home to a single queen bee, a few hundred male bees called drones, and thousands, even tens of thousands, of female worker bees.

The queen bee, the mother of all bees in the hive, has one primary role – to lay eggs. Drones, on the other hand, have a singular purpose too – to mate with the queen. And the worker bees? Well, they’re the jack-of-all-trades. They clean the hive, take care of the young, guard the hive, forage for food, and even take on the job of making the unique substance we’re about to discuss: bee milk.

With that basic understanding of bee society, let’s move on to learn about this mysterious ‘bee milk.’ Who makes it, why, and what exactly is it? Hold on tight as we delve into the world of bees like never before.

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What is Bee Milk?

So, what is this ‘bee milk’ we’ve been buzzing about? Bee milk, also known as royal jelly, isn’t milk at all, at least not like the milk we’re used to. It’s a creamy, whitish substance made by worker bees. It gets its name from its color and the fact that it’s used as food, just like milk is for mammals.

Bee milk is packed full of nutrients, including proteins, sugars, fats, vitamins, and even some minerals. It’s like a power-packed smoothie, and it’s crucial for the development of bee larvae, especially those destined to become queen bees. But who makes this royal treat? Let’s find out.

Which Bees Make Milk?

You remember our hardworking worker bees, right? Well, they’re the milk makers of the bee world. More specifically, it’s the young worker bees, usually just a few days old, who take on this important task. These young bees have special glands in their heads, called hypopharyngeal glands, which produce this nutritious jelly.

You see, in a bee society, everyone has a role, and the job of these young bees is to ensure the next generation of bees gets the best start in life. This begins with a hearty diet of bee milk. But how is this ‘milk’ used in the hive? Let’s find out in the next section.

How is Bee Milk Used in the Hive?

Just like how we humans use milk to feed our young, bees use bee milk, or royal jelly, to feed their larvae. When a new bee egg hatches, the tiny larva is fed with bee milk by the worker bees.

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But here’s where it gets interesting: not all bee larvae get the same amount of this special substance. Regular worker bee larvae are fed royal jelly for the first few days of their lives, and then their diet switches to honey and pollen. But for a larva that’s destined to become a queen? It’s a royal diet all the way! She will be bathed in and fed nothing but royal jelly throughout her developmental stage. This exclusive diet triggers the development of her queenly traits – fertility, size, and lifespan.

Bee Milk and Human Use

Now, you might be wondering, do humans have any use for this bee milk? Absolutely! Bee milk or royal jelly is often harvested by beekeepers and used in a variety of products, thanks to its nutritional properties.

It’s used in dietary supplements, skincare products, and even in certain types of traditional medicine. People believe it can help boost the immune system, improve skin health, and provide other health benefits. However, it’s important to note that while royal jelly does have nutritional value, its medical benefits for humans still require more scientific research.

Whether in the hive or in human hands, bee milk plays a fascinating and important role. From nourishing future queens to finding its way into our skincare routine, this unique substance truly is ‘the bee’s knees’! Let’s wrap this all up in our conclusion.



In the end, it’s clear that bees are far more complex and fascinating than we often give them credit for. From their highly structured societies to their unique dietary practices, there’s always something new to learn about these tiny creatures. And the concept of ‘bee milk’ or royal jelly is a prime example. This special substance, created by young worker bees, plays a crucial role in bee development and survival, particularly for the queen bee. As we’ve also seen, it has found a place in human use as well, underscoring once again the many ways in which our lives are interconnected with those of the natural world around us.

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